The California Children and Families First Act created the California Children and Families Commission, also known as First 5 California. The name First 5 comes from current brain development research that clearly indicates that a child's emotional, physical and intellectual environment in the first five years of life has a profound impact on how the brain is organized. Early experiences significantly influence how a child will function in school and later in life. Attention to and investment in the lives of young children is a powerful means of preventing future difficulties, such as physical, mental, social and emotional development delays and disturbances.
The California Children and Families Act of 1998 was designed to provide, on a community-by-community basis, a comprehensive, integrated system of early childhood development services for all children prenatal to five years of age, in order to lay the emotional, physical and intellectual foundation for every child to enter school ready to learn and become productive, well-adjusted members of society.
First 5 California is the statewide coordinator and leadership agency for the Act. In addition, there are 58 County Commissions, including Glenn County First 5, which are charged with local decision-making and funding. Eighty-percent of the revenues from the Act goes directly to the County Commissions.The amount of state funds allocated to Glenn County is based on the annual county birth rate.
The Glenn County Children and Families Commission, also known as First 5 Glenn County, was created in 1999 to:
evaluate the current and projected needs of young children and their families in Glenn County
develop a strategic plan that describes how community needs will be addressed
determine how to expend local monies - approximately $300,000 annually - provided by the Act
Evaluate the effectiveness of programs and activities funded in accordance with the strategic plan
First 5 Glenn County makes vital decisions to improve the lives of children ages 0 to 5, pregnant women and their families. First 5 Glenn County funds Early Learning Education, Adult and Professional Education, Prenatal, Infant, Toddler and Child Health - Dental - Mental Health as well as Child Care Referrals and over site support for all other programs that promote Early Childhood Development in Glenn County California.
First 5 Glenn County Vision & Mission Statement
First 5 Glenn County
Children in Glenn County will thrive in supportive, nurturing and loving families and communities and be positively prepared to enter and succeed in school to become productive, well-adjusted members of society.
The Glenn County Children and Families Commission is committed to providing and enhancing quality early childhood development services for all Glenn County children, prenatal to age five, and their families.
Small Population County Augmentation Funding
"In the Small Population County Funding Augmentation (SPCFA) program, First 5 California provides supplemental funding above the legislated allocation of annual tax revenues to First 5 commissions in 20 counties with the smallest proportion of statewide births. Initiated in FY 1999–2000, the First 5 California Commission provided funding of up to $200,000 to small population counties to help ensure the implementation of the California Children and Families Act (Proposition 10) as a statewide effort. On January 26, 2017, the State Commission approved an annual investment of up to $8.625 million in additional funding over four years (July 1, 2017–June 30, 2021) for 20 small population county commissions to ensure core operations and services for children and families in these communities. For FY 2017–18, 16 of the 20 small counties expended approximately $3.9 million."
- First 5 California Annual Report
Dual Language Learner Pilot
"First 5 California’s Dual Language Learner (DLL)
Pilot Study is examining culturally and linguistically
responsive and effective intentional teaching, family
engagement, and professional development strategies
for DLLs. The DLL Pilot Study also will examine how
to optimize home language and promote dual
language acquisition of DLL children ages birth to
age five in early learning settings. Unlike a traditional
pilot where an investment is made in new programs,
which are then evaluated, this pilot is studying existing
strategies implemented in early learning settings with
young DLLs and their families, and the conditions
under which they are effective. The DLL Pilot Study
is designed to fill gaps in existing research by
intentionally including early learning and care settings
serving infants and toddlers (as well as preschoolers),
unlicensed community-based settings (as well as
licensed early learning and care settings), and a variety
of languages spoken across California with an eye
toward strategies that can be scaled and implemented
The DLL Pilot Study is being conducted by the
American Institutes for Research (AIR) and its partners,
and is driven by stakeholder input and F5CA’s Strategic
Plan. The Study will be implemented in three phases:
• Phase 1—Background information gathered
through interviews with leaders in 16 counties
selected based on the counties’ diversity, and a
survey of recommended and randomly selected
early learning settings about their DLL practices.
• Phase 2—In-depth study of DLL strategies (family
engagement, professional development, and
teaching strategies) through site and classroom
observations, teacher surveys, parent interviews,
and child assessments.
• Phase 3—Replicate effective strategies identified
in Phase 2 in other setting types and age groups.
Findings from First 5 California’s DLL Pilot study
will inform early childhood education preparation
programs, quality improvement and rating in
Quality Counts California, and state and local policy
makers. Study findings also will be used to increase
early educators’, families’, and the general public’s
awareness about the benefits of bilingualism and
home language. First 5 California’s investment in the
DLL Pilot is approximately $20 million over five years:
$7.5 million for AIR’s evaluation and $12.5 million to
support the counties and regions chosen to participate
in the evaluation (FY 2017–18 through 2020–21)"
- First 5 California Annual Report 2017-18
Kits for New Parents
"In 2018, First 5 California changed the Kit’s
packaging from a box to a colorful, reusable bag
containing a health handbook, an early brain
development brochure and tip card, a poison
control brochure and magnet, and other important
information on paid family leave, and literacy and
learning. This redesigned Kit also includes the Parent
Guide, a new resource written in collaboration with
UC Berkeley’s Health Research for Action. The Guide
includes tips for parents on keeping their children
healthy and safe, developmental milestones, handling
emotional and behavioral challenges, finding quality
childcare, and much more.
First 5 county commissions are encouraged to add
local references and resources to the Kit to help inform
parents about services in their own communities."
- First 5 California Annual Report 2017-18
First 5 Express
"Since 2006, First 5 California’s mobile outreach
tour has traveled to every corner of the state, reaching
out to families and caregivers of children ages 0 to
5 in all 58 counties. This interactive exhibit called the
First 5 Express features “Edutainers” who educate
parents and caregivers, and entertain children. The
Express teaches families about a wide variety of
topics, including nutrition, physical activity, oral health,
literacy, and most recently, early brain development.
In FY 2017–18, the exhibit traveled to 182 schools,
libraries, resource centers, community festivals, county
fairs, and other family oriented events. The Edutainers
directly engaged with more than 39,272 people who
walked away with helpful First 5 resources. Over
164,845 newly designed resources were distributed,
including a branded hand puppet to give parents
and caregivers a tool to spark conversation with their
young children; bilingual storybooks to help make
reading a regular routine; a healthy portions plate
to encourage a balanced diet; and age-appropriate
musical instruments to bring out the joy of song.
Together with the already established Kit for New
Parents; “Fast, Fresh, and Fun Food from First 5”
cookbooks; brain development information; and our
newest First 5 California branded bilingual book, Three
Brainy Birds, families were provided resources to
reinforce the healthy behaviors they experienced.
• 44% of events took place in low-income
• 52% of events occurred in communities
with diverse populations.
• 43% of events occurred in rural communities."
- First 5 California Annual Report 2017-18
"Through First 5 California’s investment in the
California Smokers’ Helpline, parents and caregivers
receive information and tools to help them quit
smoking and using other tobacco products—especially
around children or while pregnant. Parental smoking
and secondhand smoke exposure have been linked
to a range of ailments in babies and young children,
including asthma, ear infections, pneumonia,
bronchitis, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
(SIDS). There also has been a rise in reports of young
children accidentally ingesting the nicotine-containing
e-liquid used in electronic cigarettes (vapes). To
reduce the incidence of these health problems, and
to help smokers quit, in FY 2017–18, First 5 California
supported the California Smokers’ Helpline with $1.4
million for tobacco cessation services for parents and
caregivers of young children. Participants are provided
with telephone counseling and also receive free
nicotine patches sent directly to their homes. Training
also was provided for pediatric care providers to screen
for secondhand smoke exposure.
The toll-free Helpline (1-800-NO-BUTTS) provides
one-on-one telephone counseling, self-help materials,
and referrals to local resources. Helpline counselors
follow protocols that were scientifically proven to
double the rate of successful long-term quitting.
Counselors and callers work together to develop
a plan to quit, and continue interaction during the
quitting process which increases the likelihood of
long-term success. These services are provided in
English, Spanish, Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese),
Korean, and Vietnamese. Participants also receive
free nicotine patches, sent directly to their homes. (If
contraindicated [may not be advisable based on the
health status of the caller] as with pregnant smokers,
the Helpline first obtains medical approval before
-First 5 California Annual Report 2017-18
Accoring to the Census Bureau, "the long-standing undercount of young children in decennial censuses and in Census Bureau surveys. Evaluations show that Census Bureau surveys like the American Community Survey, the Current Population Survey, and the Survey of Income and Program Participation also undercount young children, which can result in biased survey estimates. The differential undercount of this population across geography and demographics makes this a larger problem for some racial and ethnic groups and some parts of the country. However, this issue is not unique to the United States, as research has shown that many other countries have a high net undercount of young children in their censuses.
In response to this pervasive issue, the Census Bureau has spent years researching children who were missed in the 2010 Census and taken many steps to attempt to reduce this undercount in the 2020 Census."